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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 30, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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nauseous is bbc world news america, reporting from washington. powering down, and germany said it is strapping down all of its nuclear power plants in the wake of japan posting a clear result -- a disaster. and controversy in the world soccer. the head of the global governing body, fifa, denies the turmoil. >> we are not in the crisis, only some difficulties. >> they opened fire and set a protestors camp ablaze in the southern city.
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welcome to our viewers watching us on pbs in america and also around the globe. in a major reserve, the german government plans to shut down all of the country's nuclear power plants and by 2022. it was set up in the wake of the nuclear disaster in japan. they get 23% of their energy from fuel. there are still questions over how that gap will be filled. >> the german government has been under pressure from the grain movement. -- gree nmovement. -- green movement. >> we want the electricity of the future to be safe and reliable and economically viable. to get this, we need a new structure for the energy supply chain.
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>> they are on standby and will reopen. the other nine will close by the end of 2022. germany currently gets a quarter of its energy from nucle, 17% from the noble like wind. their plan is to cut total energy used by making machines and buildings more energy- efficient. but more wind power means more pylons and high-voltage cables to get it from the wind farms. otherwise, imports from french power stations could rise. >> we feel that the share will increase because nuclear needs to be substituted to create new power plants. >> as for german parliament, ending nuclear is as big a task
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as unifying east and west germany. >> they reengineer the whole economy away from nuclear. it will be difficult and it will take money. nobody knows how much. >> the beautiful game appears to be getting ugly. the head of world soccer governing body has denied the organization is in crisis after a day of claims and counterclaims about corruption in its ranks. the news editor has the latest development. >> with the pressure growing all the time, he knew that today, he would have to face the spotlight. if they thought the head of world football was about to walk aw, he had a clear message. it is not in crisis. >> what is the crisis? we are not in a crisis.
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we are only in some difficulties. it will be solved in sight of our family. concernsssed new d over the decision to award the world cup. >> the decision that we took was done exactly in the same pattern and in the same environment. we have made the decision, and there was no problem for fifa. >> on the future of fifa, that is a matter of football and no one else. >> something is wrong. we can deal with our problems inside. >> he chose to face the world
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alone today. he called for world football to come together. he looked out of touch avoiding all of the difficult questions and dismissing allegations about the way they won the world cup for 2022. >> this is the man at the center of the claim, accused of buying votes in the bid for the presidency. in the mail, the general secretary writes, i never understood why he was running. he thought he had a chance to express how much he does not like him anymore. or he thought they could buy fifa like the world cup. he later downplayed it saying he
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was talking about the size of the budget. despite the possibility of more damaging revelations in the coming days, he is determined not to be blown off course. whether the rest of the world likes it or not, he accepts four more years in charge. >> medical staff says elise 22 people have been killed after government forces opened fire on a protest camp. soldiers moved in, firing shots and setting fire to the camp. >> bloodshed and violence against protesters. it is the second biggest group. it has been ongoing for four
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months and has now, under attack from government forces. they have gathered to show their support for those whose lives have been lost. >> it turned into a martyr of mourning. they say the killing is intended to drive the use of violence. for four months, [inaudible] >> they are running out of excuses. >> we want to continue our peaceful struggle and we are not moving out. they can burn the square, we are not moving. >> the protests were not peaceful according to the authorities.
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>> what has happened, it was agreed that zero strikes and all kinds of demonstrations should be peaceful. when people go to a government compound or a police station and they want to go inside and get people from those offices or from those police stations, it cannot happen that way. some of these activities are unlawful and they jeopardize the security and safety of the people. >> violence has spread to the city which the government says is a bug -- hub for al qaeda. >> the al qaeda activity, most
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people are actually linked to the yemeni regime. >> people here are concerned about his reasons this day and that this will lead to further violence in the country. >> the south african president has held talks about how to resolve the conflict there. the leader was ready to accept an african union proposal, but he did not say that he was ready to step down. >> they have been able to achieve no diplomatic breakthrough after his visit here and is meeting. although it did produce the first television appearance by the libyan leader in almost two weeks.
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just a 4 he left for south africa, the president said that the colonel was prepared to sign of foreign african union cease- fire proposal, but we knew that was his position. both nato and the rebels have rejected the african union plan on the ground that does not call on him to step aside. he rejects the idea and it looks like things are still deadlocked. that is why many are expecting more nato strikes. they are bracing themselves for another bombardment. what might be another sign of the pressure, this has been announced that eight officers have defected as part of a group of 120 soldiers. although he is under increasing pressure, he has shown many
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times in the past his ability to survive. and if there is opposition here, you can hear it on the streets. they have not been able to gain the momentum to push him from power. >> protesters said government forces have killed at least 14 people in several towns. civilians reportedly fired back when they tried to eer on monday to quash a anti- government protests. the violence has been described as shocking by the united nations. several people have been injured in northern nigeria, the day after the president was sworn into office. the home city of the vice- president, on sunday, explosions killed 14 people. it is not clear who is behind the bombings.
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lawyers representing the former bosnian army chief has posted a formal appeal against plans to extradite him. they say he is to build a travel. duncan kennedy reports. >> too young to understand the intention end to innocence to comprehend the alleged crimes. his grandchildren were brought to his prison cell. the 10-year-old have lived through dozens of journalists and television crews to spend an hour with their grandfather. it is five days since he was arrested on charges that include genocide. his attempt to fight extradition are now all but exhausted. lawyers have started to prepare him for the inevitable move to the international war crimes tribunal.
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>> we have begun to touch on the questions of who we are defending. they are names of possible lawyers, but we have to contact them to see if they want to defend him. >> trial, like his former political ally, and then having to answer what many judge to be war crimes. >> huge firepower against mostly defenseless and mostly civilian targets. not to mention in the shelling of sarajevo. >> the timing of his departure will probably now be measured in days if not hours. he was spirited out of here in the middle of the night.
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the general will probably be taken in the same way. an international panel of judges. >> you are watching bbc world news america. fighting for freedom. on memorial day, we remember the african americans that helped save the union during the civil war and defeat slavery. the space shuttle endeavor is heading back to earth at the end of its final mission. the shuttle docked for the very last time overnight. endeavor will be put on display at the museum as its space shuttle program retires this year. >> setting her sales one last time, departing the international space station. >> heading home to retirement. endeavor makes its final voyage
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back to earth. >> hugs and handshakes all around. >> a fond farewell. the space shuttle's crew had delivered a cosmic ray detector designed to help scientists study the formation of the universe. >> on behalf of the crew, we had a very successful mission working with expedition 28. >> and the crew was on its way. a chapter in the remarkable history closed. this was the space shuttle's twenty fifth mission. flying through space for the very last time. the focus now on the earth. >> toward the northern coast of australia. >> and the chance to wave goodbye. the web site is tracking so that spotters can be tipped off
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when it is overhead. the sister shuttle will take her final voyage this summer. all of the vehicles make way for more advanced craft. they are eected back at the kennedy space center in the early hours of wednesday morning. next stop, a museum in california. >> moving to an orbital sunset. >> taliban militants have attacked a database. suicide bombers are reported to have detonated a car bomb while other attackers eheered tec compound. they killed at least five people and wounded 30 others.
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>> they were near simultaneous bombings. the first was a government building in the center. it was a busy area. most of the dead and wounded were from this attack. at the same time, a suicide bomber drove a truck full of explosives to the italian base. some of the outer wall was destroyed. insurgents took over a neighboring building. nato called and helicopters to about zero across the city. >> this is part of the spring offensive. there has been a series of high- profile assassinations in city centers across the country. it was considered one of the safest provinces. its capital normally peaceful.
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it was one of the first of several places said it over. they wondered if the militants would concentrate their firepower on these areas to achieve transition. that is supposed to happen and only one month's time. it will expect to see a test of wills. >> afghanistan is on the mind of many americans observing memorial day when the country pays tribute to the sacrifices of u.s. servicemen and women. and journalists spent months documenting their lives for a film. i spoke to him about how the soldiers deal with the stress of war. he was killed recently while recovering -- while covering the
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conflict. >> can i start, first of all, the news of his death is still very fresh. what was your first reaction? >> my first reaction was shock. a kind of numb horror. it was really profound grief. i have never lost anyone close to mean. i am still amazed at how incredibly painful it is. >> what do think his legacy has been? >> he called himself not a photographer, but an imagemaker. he wanted to tell stories with images. and the image is fair game the. it doesn't have to be photographed. i think what he was doing was really trying to break down the boundaries, the unnecsa
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boundaries of the medium and get people to think broadly and deeply about the medium. his legacy will be kind of a trailblazer, someone that thought about visual media and forced other people to do likewise because there is nothing else to try to keep up with them. >> you come to the conclusion that soldiers are motivated by love which might seem like a very strange conclusion. what did you mean? >> the bond rally does rise to the level of love. the said there are guys that he each other, but we would die for each other. >> where he died, they shot flares. >> the willingness to die for another person is a really profound decision and is perhaps the ultimate form of love that existed in plain sight where i
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spent a year with those guys. >> it is that love that allows them and overcome tremendous fear. combat is terrifying. and also to overcome the reluctance or revulsion of killing other people. it was concern for their brothers that got them to overcome those things. >> you say that journalists and soldiers have a very different response to war. has your response changed over time? >> it depends on your relationship with war. if you step back and look at it in a kind of brought or theoretical sense in terms of strategy or morality, you can construct beautiful arguments for or against war. soldiers that are fighting and dying and trying to survive don't conduct any of those
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conversations. they just do their job. e thso policies that leave the e crime rates, they just do their job. soldiers are very much the same way. they are not plugged into those kind of theoretical conversations. >> in washington, president obama has named in the general as his new chairman of the joint chiefs of staff. he made the announcement shortly before laying a wreath at arlington national cemetery as part of the memorial day commemorations. this year marks the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the american civil war. slavery was one of the central issues that divide the north and south and many african americans fought for their freedom and to forever change the country.
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that military history is told that the civil war museum here in washington, d.c.. for the latest in our series, we recount of the stories of the men that went to war and the legacy today. >> the story of african- americans in the civil war, briefly stated, is the story of the disenfranchised and enslaved population of free themselves while helping to preserve to use. elders had counseled that a day would come when you could end of the tyranny of slavery. of a spray that this is a genuine opportunity to strike a blow would come for the soldiers. they are the realization of those players. the forecast that you can end the tyranny of slavery, they got to live it. how they were given the legal authority to the emancipation proclamation and they have
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seized that opportunity and help save the union. leading president to say, without the mi help of the black people, the war against the south could not have been one. look at the wall and find your family names on this wall of honor. >> we get hundreds of descendants coming to our memorial to find their ancestors on the wall. it is the way that these families connect with ancestors. it really comes to life when they find their names on our wall of honor. congress passed the must act granting president lincoln in the authority to deploy in any military capacity for which they were found capable of performing. >> i spent 21 years in the marine corps.
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i enlisted in 1976, was a private at marine corps recruiting depot in san diego, california. my great-grandfather that was a cavalryman have in the third united states colored troops, they paved the road for me. i am their living legacy as thousands of soldiers, sailors, ammon, and the marines today are the living legacy of the freedom fighters. they fought to extend the blessings of liberty to all americans. these are american heroes and freedom fighters that we honor. i would like to welcome everyone to this american story. >> that is all for now, and from all of us at bbc world news america, thank you for watching.
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>> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major
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corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was prlo angeles. prlo angeles.
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